Wednesday, April 4, 2012

Journey-to-Work Patterns in the Age of Sprawl: Evidence from Two Midsize Southern Metropolitan Areas

by Selima Sultana and JoeWeber

Among others, one commonly identified negative consequence of urban sprawl is an increase in the length of the journey to work. However, there has been more discussion of this than serious scrutiny, hence the relationship between urban sprawl and commuting patterns, especially at the intraurban level, remains unclear. Using the 2000 Census Transportation Planning Package (CTPP) data for two Southeastern metropolitan areas, this research investigates the extent to which workers living in sprawl areas commute farther to work than those living in higher density areas. The analysis of variance confirms that workers commuting from sprawl areas to urban areas experience a longer commute in terms of time as well as mileage, though this varies when workplace and home locations are taken into account. However, multivariate statistical results suggest that there are limits to the utility of sprawl as a predictor of travel behavior compared to workers’ socioeconomic characteristics, as other factors appear to be equally or more important.

more about urban sprawl:

Municipal Finance and the Pattern of Urban Growth

Five Myths About Sprawl: a review of "Sprawl: A Compact History"


Urban form and the ecological footprint of commuting. The case of Barcelona

Compact Sprawl Experiments four strategic densification scenarios for two modernist suburbs in Stockholm

Neighborhood Design and the Accessibility of the Elderly: An Empirical Analysis in Northern California

Spatial Planning, Urban Form and Sustainable Transport: An Introduction

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