Sunday, February 5, 2012

Increasing the Quality of Public Transport in Prague

by Zden•k Došek

· Prague covers an area of 496 km2 with almost 1.2 million inhabitants and 200,000 temporary residents; 90,000 commuters and 75, 000 visitors come to Prague on a daily basis.
· Prague is characterized by massive commuting from large suburban residential areas to
the city center, which results in high demands on its PT network (metro 49.8 km, trams 140.9 km, buses 686.1 km).
· Prague has faced a steep increase in car ownership (93%) from the beginning of 90s (actually 1 car per 1.8 inhabitants).
· Generally, daily motor vehicle use increased by 157% for the last fourteen years. Volumes of all vehicle use in Prague on an average working day amounted to 18.77 mil. vehicle km within the entire road network in 2003 (3,520 km).
· In the first half of the 1990s the number of passengers using PT in Prague decreased by more than 800,000 a day, i.e. about 20% of ridership. In the second half of the 1990s the ridership has been stabilized (1,108,367 passengers/year 2003). Current modal split: 57% PT: 43% private car (before 1989 80 : 20).
· Prague Metro system clearly illustrates changes in PT funding policy. First section of line C opened in 1974, continuous state subsidies allowed to develop extensions of about 2 km per year till the end of the 1980s. From the mid-1990s there were significant cuts in the state aid. Whereas in 1996 the subsidy amounted to € 32 mil. in 1997 it was only a half of the sum and in 1998 the subsidy was completely suspended. It was partially renewed in 2000 with the extension of line C to the Northern City (€ 11.3 mil.). In 2001 it was again close to € 28 mil. For the important part the extension is funded by the loan in the amount of € 143.85 mil. granted by the European Investment Bank. For 2002 and 2003 the state subsidy was decreased again (€ 15 mil. for each year).

read more

A tram ride in Prague:
video
video

more about urban Prague:

Skyline photos of Prague, Czech Republic (2)

Underground Prague Highway should save the Wenceslas Square

TRANSPORT POLICIES IN CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPE

Skyline photos of Prague, Czech Republic (1)

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